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Wrestling at the Summer Olympics

Wrestling at the Summer Olympics
Wrestling pictogram.svg
Governing bodyUWW
Events18 (men: 12; women: 6)
Games

Wrestling had been contested at the Summer Olympic Games since the sport was introduced in the ancient Olympic Games in 708 BC.[1] When the modern Olympic Games resumed in Athens in 1896, wrestling (in the form of Greco-Roman wrestling) became a focus of the Games, with the exception of the 1900 Summer Olympics when wrestling did not appear on the program. Freestyle wrestling and weight classes both made their first appearance in 1904. The women's competition was introduced in 2004.

In February 2013, the IOC voted to drop wrestling from the Summer Olympic programme, effective 2020. The president of the sport's governing body, FILA (now United World Wrestling), resigned after a subsequent motion of no confidence. Following changes in leadership, and revisions to the programme for 2016 (including rule changes and additional women's competitions), wrestling successfully campaigned to be readmitted to the Summer Olympic program.

Removal and reinstatement

In an effort to control the size and costs of the Summer Olympics, and make the Games "relevant to sports fans of all generations", the IOC evaluated the Olympic event programme in place for the 2016 Summer Olympics, and voted on 25 "core" sports that would comprise the programme of the 2020 Summer Olympics (which was postponed to 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic).[2] One vacancy was to be left open for a new sport. In February 2013, IOC members voted to remove wrestling from the Olympic programme; The New York Times cited several potential factors in the decision, including the lack of universally-known talent unlike other sports, and concern for the lack of women's competitions in wrestling (having only introduced women's freestyle competitions in 2004). FILA (now United World Wrestling), the governing body of Olympic wrestling, immediately criticized the decision. The organization cited wrestling's long-standing history as an Olympic event, which dates as far back as the ancient Olympic Games.[3][4][5]

The decision resulted in immediate backlash; Armen Nazaryan and Sagid Murtazaliev both returned gold medals to the IOC in protest, while Nazaryan also staged a hunger strike until the 2013 European Wrestling Championships.[6] FILA president Raphaël Martinetti resigned after a vote of non-confidence by the organization's staff.[7]

Martinetti was replaced as acting president by Nenad Lalovic. Under his leadership, the organization began to make changes to its Olympic programme for 2016, including rule changes designed to make bouts faster and encourage more aggression, as well as additional women's weight classes. These changes were intended to help improve audience interest, and address the shortcomings that likely led to the removal of the sport; wrestling joined baseball/softball, as well as squash, on a final shortlist of three sports to be included in the core Olympic programme for 2020.[3] On 8 September 2013, at the 125th IOC Session, the IOC selected wrestling to be reinstated in the Olympic program for 2020 and 2024.[8] [9] Lalović was largely credited for his role in the reinstatement; he remarked that "normally this is done in a few years, we did it in a few months. It was a question of our survival."[10][11]

Events

Men

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
Greco-Roman light flyweight X X X X X X X 7
Greco-Roman flyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 14
Greco-Roman bantamweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 23
Greco-Roman featherweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 23
Greco-Roman lightweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 26
Greco-Roman welterweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 21
Greco-Roman middleweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 26
Greco-Roman light heavyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 20
Greco-Roman heavyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 25
Greco-Roman super heavyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 14
Greco-Roman open X 1
Freestyle light flyweight X X X X X X X X 8
Freestyle flyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 15
Freestyle bantamweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 25
Freestyle featherweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 24
Freestyle lightweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 26
Freestyle welterweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 24
Freestyle middleweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 25
Freestyle light heavyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 18
Freestyle heavyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 26
Freestyle super heavyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X 13
Total 1 0 7 9 5 10 13 13 14 14 16 16 16 16 16 16 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 16 14 14 14 12 12

Women

Event 04 08 12 16 20 Years
Freestyle flyweight X X X X 5
Freestyle bantamweight X X X X X 5
Freestyle welterweight X 2
Freestyle middleweight X X X X 5
Freestyle light heavyweight X 2
Freestyle heavyweight X X X X 5
Total 4 4 4 6 6

Participating nations

The following nations have taken part in the wrestling competition. The numbers in the table indicate the number of competitors sent to that year's Olympics (X means qualified wrestlers for the next Olympics).

Nation 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
 Afghanistan (AFG)   7 8 5 8 8 5 1 7
 Albania (ALB)   1 1 2 3
 Algeria (ALG)   3 2 2 2 1 3 3 3 8
 American Samoa (ASA)   1 1 1 3
 Argentina (ARG)   5 8 5 2 3 4 3 3 3 3 2 1 1 1 1 15
 Armenia (ARM)   8 8 7 9 7 8 6
 Australia (AUS)   1 3 1 3 4 4 15 9 8 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 9 11 1 4 1 3 22
 Austria (AUT)   8 2 1 7 5 3 4 7 4 1 4 2 5 7 5 2 3 1 1 19
 Azerbaijan (AZE)   8 9 7 16 13 14 6
 Bahamas (BAH)   2 1
 Bahrain (BRN)   1 1
 Belarus (BLR)   16 14 10 9 11 7 6
 Belgium (BEL)   4 1 12 17 13 11 9 8 3 5 3 2 2 2 3 1 1 1 18
 Bohemia (BOH)   4 4 2
 Bolivia (BOL)   1 1
 Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH)   1 1
 Brazil (BRA)   2 1 1 1 1 5 6
 Bulgaria (BUL)   8 16 16 16 20 20 20 20 20 11 8 13 12 9 11 15
 Cambodia (CAM)   1 1 2
 Cameroon (CMR)   6 5 4 1 1 1 3 7
 Canada (CAN)   1 1 5 5 6 5 9 4 2 4 7 9 15 13 11 13 14 4 7 10 9 8 22
 Central African Republic (CAF)   1 1
 Chile (CHI)   1 1
 China (CHN)   7 11 8 5 5 9 16 8 13 9
 Chinese Taipei (TPE)   1 4 1 3
 Colombia (COL)   1 4 1 3 1 1 3 3 5 9
 Croatia (CRO)   1 1 2 1 4
 Cuba (CUB)   3 3 7 9 10 15 15 13 12 12 12 10 12
 Cyprus (CYP)   1 1 2
 Czech Republic (CZE)   3 3 2 1 1 1 6
 Czechoslovakia (TCH)   10 9 6 2 13 3 3 5 4 6 10 5 8 9 7 15
 Denmark (DEN)   11 9 10 11 7 3 5 5 5 4 3 3 3 2 1 2 2 1 18
 Dominican Republic (DOM)   2 1 1 1 4
 East Germany (GDR)   10 17 12 9 8 5
 Ecuador (ECU)   2 1 1 2 2 5
 Egypt (EGY)   1 2 4 3 13 12 4 4 4 4 10 5 3 1 2 3 7 13 10 19
 El Salvador (ESA)   1 1 1 3
 Estonia (EST)   4 8 6 1 8 4 4 3 1 2 3 11
 Federated States of Micronesia (FSM)   1 1
 Finland (FIN)   4 37 18 24 13 10 13 15 16 10 14 10 9 10 7 8 11 12 7 5 4 2 1 2 3 25
 France (FRA)   6 17 23 13 5 10 11 10 2 9 3 4 5 5 2 8 9 9 2 3 6 9 6 2 24
 The Gambia (GAM)   3 1
 Georgia (GEO)   8 13 12 10 13 11 6
 Germany (GER) 1   1 14 6 5 14 8 17 11 10 9 7 4 7 14
 Great Britain (GBR) 1   53 12 10 14 6 2 6 16 6 4 6 6 4 6 7 6 7 7 1 1 1 1 23
 Greece (GRE) 2   1 5 2 3 2 4 5 3 2 3 5 8 9 4 5 10 5 11 10 7 18 3 2 1 25
 Guam (GUM)   1 1 1 1 1 1 6
 Guatemala (GUA)   3 5 4 1 1 1 6
 Guinea (GUI)   2 1
 Guinea-Bissau (GBS)   1 1 1 1 2 2 6
 Haiti (HAI)   1 1
 Honduras (HON)   1 1
 Hungary (HUN) 1   7 10 12 6 5 12 12 12 8 10 10 13 18 18 19 18 17 11 8 9 9 7 8 24
 Iceland (ISL)   1 1
 Independent Olympic Participants (IOP)   9 1
 India (IND)   2 3 6 4 7 5 8 4 8 6 8 7 6 1 1 7 3 5 8 19
 Indonesia (INA)   2 1
 Iran (IRI)   8 8 12 9 14 17 15 16 10 11 13 12 13 12 14
 Iraq (IRQ)   1 1 9 3 5 1 6
 Ireland (IRL)   1 1 4 2 1 5
 Israel (ISR)   2 1 2 4 1 3 3 1 8
 Italy (ITA)   1 6 8 17 5 6 10 11 14 5 16 5 5 7 8 6 7 4 5 4 2 6 2 1 2 25
 Ivory Coast (CIV)   1 1
 Japan (JPN)   1 1 7 5 5 8 16 16 15 20 20 20 20 16 12 8 13 10 13 10 20
 Jordan (JOR)   2 1
 Kazakhstan (KAZ)   11 11 12 16 15 12 6
 Kenya (KEN)   4 1
 Kyrgyzstan (KGZ)   4 6 8 5 4 7 6
 Latvia (LAT)   6 2 3 1 1 1 1 2 1 9
 Lebanon (LBN)   5 4 6 2 2 1 1 1 1 9
 Lithuania (LTU)   1 3 2 3 4 2 1 7
 Luxembourg (LUX)   2 2 3 1 2 3 4 1 8
 Macedonia (MKD)   3 2 2 1 4
 Madagascar (MAD)   1 1
 Malta (MLT)   2 2 2
 Mauritania (MTN)   2 4 2
 Mauritius (MRI)   1 1
 Mexico (MEX)   2 4 5 1 4 4 12 9 2 2 5 4 2 7 1 2 1 17
 Moldova (MDA)   6 4 2 2 2 3 6
 Mongolia (MGL)   8 8 13 13 13 9 7 4 4 6 6 8 10 13
 Morocco (MAR)   5 4 3 4 5 5 4 5 2 3 10
 Namibia (NAM)   1 1 2
 Netherlands (NED)   9 3 9 8 6 4 3 1 1 1 10
 New Zealand (NZL)   1 1 2 1 2 3 2 2 3 1 10
 Nicaragua (NCA)   1 1
 Nigeria (NGR)   1 3 6 5 4 2 1 2 4 7 10
 North Korea (PRK)   2 3 3 4 3 4 1 3 5 4 10
 Norway (NOR)   1 9 7 7 7 1 3 6 7 1 4 1 3 5 2 5 5 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 24
 Pakistan (PAK)   6 7 6 2 2 2 2 3 1 1 10
 Palau (PLW)   1 2 1 3
 Panama (PAN)   1 3 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 9
 Peru (PER)   4 2 2 1 5 1 1 1 8
 Philippines (PHI)   1 1 1 3 4 4 3 2 8
 Poland (POL)   2 4 3 5 12 5 12 18 14 20 18 13 11 9 9 9 4 8 18
 Portugal (POR)   2 1 3 4 3 3 1 1 1 1 10
 Puerto Rico (PUR)   5 3 2 4 5 1 3 2 8
 Republic of China (ROC)   1 1
 Romania (ROU)   5 7 4 7 10 12 20 19 20 10 4 11 10 5 5 8 2 5 18
 Russia (RUS)   4 11 20 16 18 18 16 17 8
 Samoa (SAM)   2 1 2
 Senegal (SEN)   4 5 3 4 4 3 2 1 1 1 2 2 12
 Serbia (SRB)   2 1 3 3
 Serbia and Montenegro (SCG)   1 1
 Slovakia (SVK)   4 4 3 2 4
 South Africa (RSA)   1 1 2 3 5 4 3 1 1 1 1 11
 South Korea (KOR)   4 1 3 4 13 8 4 11 14 19 16 15 10 9 11 9 5 17
 Soviet Union (URS)   16 16 16 16 16 20 20 20 20 9
 Spain (ESP)   4 4 1 2 3 9 10 2 3 1 1 11
 Sweden (SWE)   9 34 13 13 9 13 14 16 1 10 12 9 7 7 8 8 11 10 8 7 5 7 5 6 7 25
 Switzerland (SUI)   4 12 11 13 12 5 12 3 3 9 1 2 4 4 2 4 2 1 1 19
 Syria (SYR)   2 2 17 3 8 3 2 7
 Tajikistan (TJK)   1 4 2 4 4
 Tunisia (TUN)   2 3 3 3 4 1 3 8 4 9
 Turkey (TUR)   5 6 11 16 15 13 16 15 16 16 11 16 13 15 13 12 12 13 13 14 20
 Turkmenistan (TKM)   1 1 2
 Ukraine (UKR)   17 16 16 16 13 11 6
 Unified Team (EUN)   20 1
 United States (USA)   42 6 2 18 14 7 7 7 8 8 15 16 16 16 19 20 19 20 20 20 16 17 17 17 14 24
 United Team of Germany (EUA)   5 15 14 3
 Uzbekistan (UZB)   10 11 7 8 8 8 6
 Venezuela (VEN)   3 2 1 6 2 2 3 7 9 9
 Vietnam (VIE)   5 1 1 2 4
 Virgin Islands (ISV)   4 1
 West Germany (FRG)   11 17 15 14 17 5
 Yemen (YEM)   3 1 2
 Yugoslavia (YUG)   2 5 5 3 2 5 4 8 10 6 10 9 2 13
Nations 4 1 14 18 19 26 29 18 29 28 36 30 44 39 45 49 41 35 44 69 59 75 55 66 59 71 67
Competitors 5 42 115 170 152 229 166 79 200 207 215 167 338 270 296 388 331 266 267 429 370 401 314 342 344 344 344 288
Year 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20

All-time medal table – 1896–2016

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Soviet Union (URS)623123116
2 United States (USA)544336133
3 Japan (JPN)32201769
4 Russia (RUS)30121456
5 Turkey (TUR)29181663
6 Sweden (SWE)28273186
7 Finland (FIN)26282983
8 Hungary (HUN)19161954
9 Bulgaria (BUL)16322169
10 South Korea (KOR)11111436
11 Iran (IRI)10141943
12 Cuba (CUB)96722
13 Romania (ROU)781934
14 Italy (ITA)741021
15 Unified Team (EUN)65516
16 Poland (POL)591125
17 Estonia (EST)52411
18 Germany (GER)412925
19 Azerbaijan (AZE)471122
20 Yugoslavia (YUG)46616
21 France (FRA)441018
22 Switzerland (SUI)44614
23 Canada (CAN)37717
24 Ukraine (UKR)35614
25 Georgia (GEO)341017
 Great Britain (GBR)341017
27 North Korea (PRK)32510
28 China (CHN)23611
29 Armenia (ARM)2338
30 East Germany (GDR)2327
 Egypt (EGY)2327
32 Uzbekistan (UZB)2237
33 Norway (NOR)2226
34 Czechoslovakia (TCH)17715
35 Kazakhstan (KAZ)151016
36 United Team of Germany (EUA)1539
37 West Germany (FRG)1449
38 Greece (GRE)13711
39 Serbia (SRB)1001
40 Belarus (BLR)05611
41 Mongolia (MGL)0459
42 Denmark (DEN)0369
43 Belgium (BEL)0303
 Russian Empire (RU1)0303
45 India (IND)0145
46 Australia (AUS)0123
 Lebanon (LIB)0123
48 Lithuania (LTU)0112
49 Latvia (LAT)0101
 Mexico (MEX)0101
 Slovakia (SVK)0101
 Syria (SYR)0101
 Tajikistan (TJK)0101
54 Austria (AUT)0022
 Colombia (COL)0022
56 Czech Republic (CZE)0011
 Macedonia (MKD)0011
 Moldova (MDA)0011
 Pakistan (PAK)0011
 Tunisia (TUN)0011
Totals (60 nations)4094084591276

All-time medal table – Greco-Roman – 1896–2016

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Soviet Union (URS)34161060
2 Sweden (SWE)20172158
3 Finland (FIN)18211958
4 Hungary (HUN)16121139
5 Russia (RUS)123722
6 Turkey (TUR)116724
7 Bulgaria (BUL)914932
8 Cuba (CUB)75214
9 South Korea (KOR)72716
10 Romania (ROU)681327
11 Italy (ITA)64919
12 Poland (POL)58720
13 Germany (GER)410620
14 Japan (JPN)46313
15 United States (USA)36615
16 Yugoslavia (YUG)35412
17 Unified Team (EUN)3339
18 Estonia (EST)3148
19 Iran (IRI)3137
20 Egypt (EGY)2327
21 France (FRA)2259
22 Armenia (ARM)2237
23 Norway (NOR)2125
24 East Germany (GDR)2114
25 Czechoslovakia (TCH)16411
26 Greece (GRE)1359
27 West Germany (FRG)1315
28 Georgia (GEO)1247
29 Azerbaijan (AZE)1236
30 Kazakhstan (KAZ)1225
 Ukraine (UKR)1225
32 Uzbekistan (UZB)1012
33 Serbia (SRB)1001
34 United Team of Germany (EUA)0437
35 Denmark (DEN)0369
36 Russian Empire (RU1)0303
37 Belarus (BLR)0257
38 China (CHN)0145
39 Lebanon (LIB)0123
40 Lithuania (LTU)0112
41 Latvia (LAT)0101
 Mexico (MEX)0101
43 Austria (AUT)0011
 Czech Republic (CZE)0011
 Moldova (MDA)0011
 North Korea (PRK)0011
 Switzerland (SUI)0011
Totals (47 nations)193194212599

All-time medal table – Freestyle – 1904–2016

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 United States (USA)513730118
2 Soviet Union (URS)28151356
3 Japan (JPN)28141456
4 Turkey (TUR)1812939
5 Russia (RUS)189734
6 Sweden (SWE)8101028
7 Finland (FIN)871025
8 Bulgaria (BUL)7181237
9 Iran (IRI)7131636
10 South Korea (KOR)49720
11 Switzerland (SUI)44513
12 Canada (CAN)37717
13 Azerbaijan (AZE)35816
14 Great Britain (GBR)341017
15 Hungary (HUN)34815
16 North Korea (PRK)3249
17 Unified Team (EUN)3227
18 Ukraine (UKR)2349
19 Georgia (GEO)22610
20 France (FRA)2259
21 China (CHN)2226
22 Cuba (CUB)2158
23 Estonia (EST)2103
24 Uzbekistan (UZB)1225
25 Yugoslavia (YUG)1124
26 United Team of Germany (EUA)1102
27 Romania (ROU)1067
28 Italy (ITA)1012
29 Mongolia (MGL)0459
30 Kazakhstan (KAZ)03811
31 Belarus (BLR)0314
32 Belgium (BEL)0303
33 Germany (GER)0235
34 East Germany (GDR)0213
35 India (IND)0145
 Poland (POL)0145
37 Czechoslovakia (TCH)0134
 West Germany (FRG)0134
39 Australia (AUS)0123
40 Armenia (ARM)0101
 Norway (NOR)0101
 Slovakia (SVK)0101
 Syria (SYR)0101
 Tajikistan (TJK)0101
45 Colombia (COL)0022
 Greece (GRE)0022
47 Austria (AUT)0011
 Macedonia (MKD)0011
 Pakistan (PAK)0011
 Tunisia (TUN)0011
Totals (50 nations)216214247677

Source: Wrestling Freestyle Olympics Medal Table at olympicmedals.com

See also

References

  1. ^ "Equipment and History".
  2. ^ "Joint Statement from the International Olympic Committee and the Tokyo 2020 Organising Committee". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  3. ^ a b Hamilton, Tracee (2013-09-08). "Wrestling, IOC make right moves in getting sport back on 2020 Olympics program". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2018-03-16.
  4. ^ Longman, Jeré (2013-02-12). "Olympics Moves to Drop Wrestling in 2020". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-03-16.
  5. ^ "Wrestling to be dropped from 2020 Olympic Games". BBC Sport.
  6. ^ "Bulgaria wrestling coach Armen Nazaryan on hunger strike". BBC Sport. 2013-03-04. Retrieved 2018-05-26.
  7. ^ "International Wresting President forced to quit after Olympic shock". Inside the Games. Retrieved 2018-03-16.
  8. ^ "Wrestling, baseball/softball and squash shortlisted by IOC for 2020 as five fail to make cut".
  9. ^ "Wrestling added to Olympic programme for 2020 and 2024 Games". IOC. 8 September 2013. Retrieved 8 September 2013.
  10. ^ KAROLOS GROHMANN (8 September 2013). "Wrestling wins vote and will be part of 2020 Tokyo Olympics". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on 8 September 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-08.
  11. ^ "Wrestling gets reinstated for 2020 Olympics". Retrieved 2016-08-15.
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