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World Wushu Championships

World Wushu Championships
GenreGlobal sports event
FrequencyBiennial
Inaugurated1991
Most recent2019
Organised byIWUF
Websitehttp://www.iwuf.org/competitions/iwuf-official-events/world-wushu-championships/
World Wushu Championships
Simplified Chinese世界武术锦标赛
Hanyu PinyinShìjiè wǔshù jǐnbiāosài

The World Wushu Championships (WWC) is an international sports championship hosted by the International Wushu Federation (IWUF) for the sports of wushu taolu and sanda (sanshou).[1] It has been held biennially since 1991 and is the pinnacle event of the IWUF. The World Wushu Championships also coincides with the IWUF Congress as well as with various committee meetings.[1]

Championships

Year Edition Location Events First of the medal table Second of the medal table Third of the medal table
1991 1 China Beijing, China 23  China  Japan  Soviet Union
1993 2 Malaysia Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 24  China  Russia  Hong Kong
1995 3 United States Baltimore, United States 24  China  Hong Kong  Russia
1997 4 Italy Rome, Italy 25  China  Hong Kong  Russia
1999 4 Hong Kong Hong Kong, China 31  China  Hong Kong  Vietnam
2001 6 Armenia Yerevan, Armenia 41  China  Vietnam  South Korea
2003 7 Macau Macau, China 39  China  Vietnam  Russia
2005 8 Vietnam Hanoi, Vietnam 40  China  Vietnam  Malaysia
2007 9 China Beijing, China 40  China  Macau  Vietnam
2009 10 Canada Toronto, Canada 40  China  Iran  Hong Kong
2011 11 Turkey Ankara, Turkey 40  China  Iran  Hong Kong
2013 12 Malaysia Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 46  China  Iran  Malaysia
2015 13 Indonesia Jakarta, Indonesia 50  China  Indonesia  Iran
2017 14 Russia Kazan, Russia 44  China  Iran  Hong Kong
2019 15 China Shanghai, China 44  China  Iran  Hong Kong
2023 16 United States Dallas, United States TBD Future event

History

Rules Revision History

The 1990 and 1998 IWUF Rules for Taolu Competition were largely based on the Chinese Wushu Association rules which governed wushu competitions for decades. The system of judging in these rulesets were used at the World Wushu Championships from 1991 to 2003. After the 2003 World Wushu Championships, the IWUF released a major revision to the taolu rules which added the degree of difficulty requirement. This system of judging has been used since 2005 at the World Wushu Championships and have been revised in 2005 and 2019.

The current Sanda rules were last revised in 2017.

Event History

The 1999 World Wushu Championships introduced Taijijian, Nandao, and Nangun events. These events were originally not part of the IWUF first set of compuslory routines but are now generally accepted as being part of that set.

The IWUF second set of compulsory routines were implemented as additional events in the 2001 World Wushu Championships alongside events for the first compulsory routines.

In the 2003 World Wushu Championships, all athletes were required to compete with the IWUF second set of compulsory routines. Women's sanshou and women's duilian was also introduced at this competition.

As a result of the major rule changes of 2005, compulsory routines were discontinued at the World Wushu Championships and athletes had to compete with optional routines with fist and weapon events being judged with degree of difficulty.

Incidental music was adopted for the first time for the taijiquan and taijijian events at the 2007 World Wushu Championships

The changquan, nanquan, and taijiquan routines from the IWUF third set of compulsory routines were implemented in 2013 and 2015 as additional events.

Men's dadao, men's xingyiquan, women's shuangjian, and women's baguazhang were also implemented in 2015. In 2017 and 2019, the same additional events reappeared but men's dadao was swapped with the men's shuangdao event.

The degree of difficulty requirement for long weapon was added leading up to the 2017 World Wushu Championships.

2019 implemented a creative group-set (kiti) event with certified and celebrity judges. The official judges graded performances out of a total of 10.000 according to regular IWUF judging procedures and celebrity judges gave a score out of 10.000 based on personal preference.

2021 is scheduled for the taiji fan (taijishan) event to debut.

Other History

The 1995 World Wushu Championships in the United States was the first time a major international Wushu competition was held outside of Asia.

The 2001 World Wushu Championships implemented doping tests for the first time. The tests registered a clean record as all of the 12 samples returned with no positive results.[2]

More than 1000 martial artists from 89 countries took part in the 2007 World Wushu Championships in Beijing just one year before the summer Olympic Games took place in People's Republic of China.

Total medal count

Last updated after the 2019 World Wushu Championships.[3]

World Wushu Championships all-time medal count
RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 China (CHN)218122232
2 Iran (IRI)51222396
3 Hong Kong (HKG)446337144
4 Russia (RUS)393234105
5 Vietnam (VIE)345956149
6 South Korea (KOR)233148102
7 Macau (MAC)22343187
8 Malaysia (MAS)21334397
9 Philippines (PHI)17193369
10 Indonesia (INA)15131846
11 Japan (JPN)14363080
12 Chinese Taipei (TPE)8202250
13 Egypt (EGY)8183056
14 Myanmar (MYA)59721
15 Singapore (SGP)4111833
16 India (IND)491629
17 Netherlands (NED)43714
18 Italy (ITA)381829
19 Brazil (BRA)371525
20 Turkmenistan (TKM)3104
21 United States (USA)2152845
22 Ukraine (UKR)2111528
23 Romania (ROU)291324
24 Turkey (TUR)282636
25 France (FRA)242026
26 Kazakhstan (KAZ)21710
27 Soviet Union (URS)2002
28 Azerbaijan (AZE)17412
29 Spain (ESP)15612
30 South Africa (RSA)14510
31 Canada (CAN)131519
32 Lebanon (LBN)121013
33 Great Britain (GBR)12912
34 Armenia (ARM)12710
35 Tajikistan (TJK)1113
36 Australia (AUS)1023
37 Israel (ISR)1012
38 Belarus (BLR)05611
39 Sweden (SWE)041014
40 Tunisia (TUN)0257
41 Kyrgyzstan (KGZ)0224
42 Poland (POL)0145
 Venezuela (VEN)0145
44 Uzbekistan (UZB)0123
45 Bermuda (BER)0112
 Czech Republic (CZE)0112
 Mexico (MEX)0112
 Monaco (MON)0112
 Morocco (MAR)0112
50 Argentina (ARG)0101
51 Algeria (ALG)001111
52 Germany (GER)0044
 Greece (GRE)0044
  Switzerland (SUI)0044
55 Jordan (JOR)0033
 Yemen (YEM)0033
57 Portugal (POR)0022
 Sri Lanka (SRI)0022
59 Afghanistan (AFG)0011
 Georgia (GEO)0011
 New Zealand (NZL)0011
 North Korea (PRK)0011
 Peru (PER)0011
Totals (63 nations)5645367331833

The sum total of gold, silver and bronze medals are not equal for the following reasons:

  • Sanda events changed from awarding one bronze medal to two bronze medals per event in 1993.
  • Occasional none-awarding or sharing of prizes.
  • The 1995 rendition had several winners per each prize in taolu events while sanda events only awarded a gold medal to the winner of each event.

Other Notes

  • The Soviet Union is considered as a separate entity in the table above.
  • Medals from the jiti (groupset) event from the 2019 World Wushu Championships are not included above.
  • Stripped medals are taken into account in the table above.

World cups

Athletes who place high in the World Wushu Championships will qualify for the Sanda or the Taolu World Cups.

Sanda World Cup

Edition Year Host City, Country[4]
1 2002 China Shanghai, China
2 2004 China Guanzhou, China
3 2006 China Xi'an, China
4 2008 China Harbin, China
5 2010 China Chongqing, China
6 2012 China Wuyishan, China
7 2014 Indonesia Jakarta, Indonesia
8 2016 China Xi'an, China
9 2018 China Hangzhou, China
10 2021 Australia Melbourne, Australia

Taolu World Cup

Edition Year Host City, Country[4]
1 2016 China Fuzhou, China
2 2018 Myanmar Yangon, Myanmar
3 2022 Japan Tokyo, Japan

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "World Wushu Championships". IWUF. Retrieved 2020-12-02.
  2. ^ "World Wushu Championships Keeps Clean Record in First Doping Test". english.people.com.cn. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  3. ^ "Results". IWUF. Retrieved 2021-01-07.
  4. ^ a b "Locations of WTWC's". Retrieved 7 March 2018.

External links

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