The weapon is a spear with a flag attached to the pole. The gichang is also called danchang (단창), which means 'short spear'. It is typically around 2.75 metres long. The blade measures about 23 centimetres in length. These spears were generally used for ceremonial or escort purposes.
Another chapter in the Muyedobotongji is also called gichang (騎槍), but deals with techniques for using the spear from atop a horse. The hanja is different, 旗 refers to a banner or flag, whereas 騎 refers to riding a horse (i.e.. cavalry vs. infantry).
- Ehwa University Press 2008, Sippalgi: Traditional Korean Martial Arts, Dr. B.K. Choi.