Che Dian Chong

The che dian chong.
Musketeer firing a che dian chong.

The che dian chong (simplified Chinese: 掣电铳; traditional Chinese: 掣電銃; lit. 'lightning quick firearm') is a breech-loading, cartridge-using musket invented by Zhao Shizhen (趙士禎) during the Ming dynasty for the dynasty's arsenals.[1] Like all early breech loading fireams, gas leakage was a limitation and danger present in the weapon's mechanism. [2]

The zi mu chong is also a breech loading musket, the earliest breech-loader musket known. It was indigenously developed in China in the late 16th century.[3]


  1. ^ Zhao Shi-zhen(趙士禎).Shén qì pu (神器譜). 1598.
  2. ^ Breech-loading arquebuses of the Ming Dynasty, retrieved 11 February 2018
  3. ^ Leong Kit Meng (2006). Chinese siege warfare: mechanical artillery & siege weapons of antiquity, an illustrated history. University of Michigan. p. 91.
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