Wiki

Belt wrestling

Belt wrestling
Belt wrestling pictogram.svg
Stamps of Tajikistan, 055-02.jpg
FocusWrestling
Famous practitionersGilgamesh, , Ivan Poddubny, Qajymuqan

Belt wrestling is a form of wrestling that is one of the oldest historically recorded sports. It involves two belted contestants aiming to take each other over by grappling with a belt.[1] There are hundreds national belt wrestling styles, but contemporary most widespread and internationally competed are Alysh and Kurash, developed by the previously nomadic Turkic peoples of Central Asia. United World Wrestling recognized Alysh wrestling as the primary international belt wrestling style. It is regulated globally by the International Federation of Wrestling on Belts Alysh, the sport's governing body. Although the sport has been practiced for millennia, and local championships were held in various places of the world, it was until 2001 when Bayaman Erkinbayev started its international version, and it was called "Alysh". Until 2005, Rif Gaynanov and Bayaman Erkinbayev developed this style together, and then the ways separated. Two different styles appeared named "Alysh" and "Kurash" belt wrestling. Since then, the sport has been included in the 2013 Summer Universiade program, recognized by the Asian Olympic Council, and contested at the Asian Games and Asian Indoor Games. The sport's executives struggle to promote it to the level of an official Olympic sport.

History

Ancient times

Gilgamesh engages in a form of belt wrestling with Enkidu in the Epic of Gilgamesh written around 2000 BC about a king of Sumer who lived around 2800 to 2600 BC.[2] One of the oldest recorded illustrations of wrestling is a bronze statuette, dated to around 2600 BC, found in 1938 at Khafaji, near Baghdad and now stored in the National Museum of Iraq.[3][4] Chinese Tangshu chronicles also mention belt wrestling in the Medieval China circa the 11th Century. In the 11th Century the scholar and philosopher Avicenna wrote about this type of wrestling.

Present day

The International Federation

To accommodate the many variations of belt wrestling throughout the world, the philosophy of the new International Belt Wrestling Association (IBWA) founded in 2005 now headed by Mr. KHALIL AHMED KHAN of Pakistan has been simple and logical; it has adopted two sets of standard rules and a standard costume. Their reasoning is that some styles do not permit trips and some do. However, according to the new association, to compete without trips is called ‘classical style’ and with trips is called ‘free style’. The standard costume is an attractive feature, which allows for all styles to be completed so that no participant can conclude that his or her national style or costume has been slighted. IBWA unites all belt wrestling lovers in the world. Mr. Khalil Ahmed Khan is Chairman of Ad Hoc Advisory Committee Traditional Sports and Games, UNESCO and President of International Association of Traditional Wrestling Sports - IATWS. IATWS is a key partner of Traditional Sports and Games, UNESCO(Ref). The newly created official platform by UNESCO Advisory Committee on TSG is the "[ International Council of Traditional Sports and Games]" (ICTSG) has already awarded the membership to IATWS and IBWA. Belt Wrestling has been included in the First World Traditional Sports and Games Festival to be held in Astana- Kazakhstan 2021. The International Council of Traditional Sports and Games (ICTSG) is an international organization aiming to serve as an international platform for the preservation, promotion, and development of traditional sport and games (TSG) at the global level. It is the initiative of the UNESCO Advisory Committee and approved by UNESCO. These Games will be the first of their kind whilst giving a boost to tourism, local traditions, and culture of its Host Country. Anti-Doping in Traditional sports In today’s highly competitive sporting environment, athletes and athlete support personnel are under increasing pressure to do whatever it takes to win. ICTSG and UNESCO Convention against Doping in Sport are committed to preserve fair sport and to protect young people involved in traditional sports from the use of prohibited substances. Gender equality through Traditional sports Promoting gender equality and empowering women through traditional sports and games is one of ICTSG's main objectives. Khalil Ahmed Khan is President of the International Council of Traditional Sports and Games (ICTSG) and Shammi Rana is Secretary-General of the International Council of Traditional Sports and Games (Ref).

The rules and variation of the rules

Different parts of the world have different variations on certain rules in the sport. As the name suggests, the central component of the sport is a simple device, such as a belt, an ordinary towel, or girdle. For example, within Central Asia, Kuresh wrestling of Turkic people is popular. It is distinguished by throwing an opponent by tearing him away from the floor or from the mat without using one’s legs. Such rules are usually specific to that particular region. As a result, the rules of the game can differ between continents or even countries.

Former Honorary President of the International Association of Traditional Types of Sports Rif Gainanov once stated, "This type of wrestling will always be interesting. Every nation has its own coloring. One nation should not impose its own rules upon other countries and should respect other cultures and their customs".

However, today it is necessary to understand the differences between:

1) the rules of national wrestling in every single country or region, of which there are surely thousands of variations;

2) and a common, well-defined system of belt wrestling rules, which makes it possible for athletes from around the world to come together in a competition as equals.

3) the belt wrestling has been accredited as a "Traditional Sports" by the UNESCO Advisory Committee on TSG.

The sport today

Today wrestling, as a national sport, cannot be ascribed to any single country. In a similar way, people generally do not refer to soccer as an English sport or basketball to be American. Belt wrestling does not have any national boundaries. It is unique and gathering more and more fans. The circle of contestants is widening considerably. This is a spectacular and democratic sport and one that does not require much financial expenditure. An important fact is that the International Belt Wrestling Federation considerably lessened the number of injuries received by contestants since the introduction of the new rules. As it was proved, the correction of this or that wrestling rules popularized this kind of sport. Nowadays world and continental championships are being held in different parts of the world.

The sport is developing rapidly and has become so prominent that President Putin of Russia attended the 6th World Championships in Ufa, the capital of Bashkortostan, from 9 to 13 October 2007.

In America and Oceania the popularity of belt wrestling is no less than that in Iran, Turkey, Germany, Pakistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Ukraine, Russia, Lithuania, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Togo, and Spain - countries which have already been the hosts of international competitions. This is how one more step towards the main aim - inclusion in the Olympic Games – is being made. Several years ago, very few people knew anything about belt wrestling. Today, the International Association is getting applications for holding tournaments from all corners of the globe. This is no surprise as now the army of admirers of this kind of sport unites more than eighty countries of the world.

The IBWA is an organization that serves as an international platform under the leadership of its President Khalil Ahmed Khan for the popularizing and developing traditional wrestling/belt wrestling throughout the world irrespective of race and political followings. The Association takes part in the exchanging of know-how, knowledge, information, and data, referring to the traditional wrestling/belt wrestling which, in turn, contributes to its development and popularization on local, national, regional and international levels. Belt Wrestling as a sport is recognized by the Asian Olympic Council from 2007 and is included in the program of Asian Martial Arts & Indoors Games 2017.

There are many types of traditional belt wrestling in the world, but by developing this sport's general rules under the leadership of Dr. Rif Gaynanov (†) former President, and Khalil Ahmed Khan current President of IBWA/IATWS became a real home for all types of traditional belt wrestling in the world and a common platform for developing and promoting new-old sport discipline – belt wrestling.

Today IBWA governs different belt wrestling disciplines: freestyle, classical style, female belt wrestling, beach belt wrestling, snow belt wrestling in five age groups: cadets, juniors, students, seniors, and veterans in 12 weight categories (7 for men and 5 for women).

All IBWA events are with the line of the IOC vision which include seven components: sport – belt wrestling competition, culture – folklore youth festival and competition on local traditional wrestling style, science – scientific conference on developing and promotion of traditional sport and game, environment – tree planting action "Plant-for-the-Planet" or beach cleaning action "Creation" with art exhibition, sport for development and peace – training seminars between border conflict/post-war countries under the slogan "Play for Peace", healthy lifestyle promotion - Olympic mile "Fun Run", youth – youth leadership forum " New generation of leadership".

Belt wrestling is also one of the disciplines of the Worldwide Nomad Games.

Asian Belt Wrestling Federation(ABWF) is continental body of International Belt Wrestling Association and International Association of Traditional Wrestling Sports.H.E. Khalil Ahmed Khan is President of Asian Belt Wrestling Federation and Shammi Rana Secretary-General of Asian Belt Wrestling Federation and Rapporteur of Traditional Sports and Games, UNESCO(TSG)ABWF ABWF. The Belt Wrestling has been treated and accepted as the old traditional sports in the Central Asia region.

Amateur Belt Wrestling Federation of India Executive Board meeting of Amateur Belt Wrestling Federation of India was held under the Chairmanship of Dr. SM Bali, Joint Secretary Indian Olympic Association at Hotel Ashoka on 16/01/2017[5] and Shammi Rana, Secretary-General Asian Belt Wrestling Federation(ABWF).Dr. SM Bali was elected as President, Aman Kumar Sharma Vice President and Tarsem Sharma elected as Secretary-General of Amateur Belt Wrestling Federation of India

Competitions

Multi-sport events

Worldwide

Regional

Sub-Regional

World Belt Wrestling Championships

Senior

The first edition of the championships in 2002 saw competition in the openweight, therefore only two events were contested (men and women.) The 2003' championships were subdivided into weight classes, but because of the rules of the host country no women competition was allowed. Since 2003 the prize money totalling several hundred thousand U.S. dollars was contested among participating teams. Since the 2005' edition onwards the championships were contested in freestyle (belts) and classic style (kushaks.) The 2008' edition saw championships contested at an open-air competition area, on sand, in 45 °C (113 °F) air temperature.[5]

Alysh
Edition Year Dates City and host country Venue Events Countries Athletes Team champion
I 2002 21–22 September Kyrgyzstan Osh, Kyrgyzstan Suyumbayev Stadion 2 21  Russia
 Turkmenistan
II 2003 19–21 December Iran Tehran, Iran Azadi Indoor Stadium 4  Russia
III 2004 17–18 December Turkey Istanbul, Turkey 9  Russia
IV 2005 28 September – 2 October Russia Kazan, Tatarstan, Russia Basket-Hall 25 44 200+  Russia
V 2006 3–5 November Kazakhstan Almaty, Kazakhstan Baluan Sholak Sports Palace 25 43 130  Russia
VI 2007 9–13 October Russia Ufa, Bashkortostan, Russia Ufa Arena 60
VII 2008 18–22 November Togo Lome, Togo Stade de Kégué 15 40+  Russia
2009[a] 11–13 September Lithuania Šiauliai, Lithuania Šiauliai Arena 4
VIII 24–26 October Uzbekistan Tashkent, Uzbekistan Uzbekistan Sports Complex 26 68 400+  Russia
2010
IX 2011 13–16 October Kyrgyzstan Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan Kozhomkul Sports Palace 19 19 175
X 2012 26–30 September Kazakhstan Astana, Kazakhstan Daulet Sports Complex 19 32 300+
XI 2013 13–16 November Russia Salavat, Bashkortostan, Russia 17 38 300+  Russia
XII 2014 19–24 November Turkmenistan Ashgabat, Turkmenistan Galkynysh Sports Complex
XIII 2015 19–22 November Russia Kazan, Tatarstan, Russia Ak Bars Martial Arts Palace 19 18 140+
XIV 2016 28–30 October Russia Naberezhnye Chelny, Tatarstan, Russia Ice Sports Palace 19 43 250+  Russia
XV 2017 21–24 July Kazakhstan Astana, Kazakhstan Daulet Sports Complex  Russia
XVI 2018 26–27 October Russia Kazan, Tatarstan, Russia Ak Bars Martial Arts Palace 38 200
XVII 2019 17–24 December Kazakhstan Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan Daulet Sports Complex 12 27 275  Kyrgyzstan
XVIII 2020 TBA TBA TBD
Kurash
Edition Year Dates City and host country Venue Events Countries Athletes Team champion
I 2010 21–23 May Russia Kazan, Tatarstan, Russia Ak Bars Martial Arts Palace 5 16  Russia
II
III 2014 6–7 December Russia Orenburg, Russia Olimpiysky Sports Palace 25
IV 2015 Russia Kazan, Tatarstan, Russia Ak Bars Martial Arts Palace 20 64  Russia
2019 31 October –
3 November
Russia Kazan, Tatarstan, Russia Ak Bars Martial Arts Palace 13 42 230
Russia Minger, Tatarstan, Russia MINGER Sabantuy Grounds
Goresh
Edition Year Dates City and host country Venue Events Countries Athletes Team champion
I 2009[b] 11–13 September Lithuania Šiauliai, Lithuania Šiauliai Arena 4
II 2015 10–15 December Russia Orenburg, Russia Olimpiysky Sports Palace 30 160+  Turkmenistan
III 2016 29–30 October Russia Naberezhnye Chelny, Tatarstan, Russia Ice Sports Palace 13 19 38  Russia
2019 September Russia Ufa, Bashkortostan, Russia Dynamo Stadium
Multi-style
Edition Year Dates City and host country Venue Events Countries Athletes Team champion
2015 9–12 October Poland Bialystok, Poland 23
2016[c] 7–8 September Kyrgyzstan Cholpon-Ata, Kyrgyzstan Equestrian Hippodrome 23
2018[d] 1–3 September Kyrgyzstan Cholpon-Ata, Kyrgyzstan Equestrian Hippodrome 23
2020[e] Turkey Turkey

Open

Youth

Junior

Edition Year Dates City and host country Venue Events Countries Athletes Team champion
2006 17–19 November Russia Saransk, Mordovia, Russia
2011 11–14 August Russia Astrakhan, Russia
2012 Brazil São Paulo, Brazil
2013 8–11 November Russia Cherkessk, Karachay-Cherkessia, Russia
2014 22–24 August Russia Ulyanovsk, Russia
2017 25–28 December Russia Kazan, Tatarstan, Russia

Cadet

Edition Year Dates City and host country Venue Events Countries Athletes Team champion
2005 December Iran Tehran, Iran
2008 12–15 December Russia Moscow, Russia
2012 9–12 August Russia Ryazan, Russia
2013 13–15 December Russia Nizhnekamsk, Tatarstan, Russia
2014 13–16 December Russia Tyulyachi, Tatarstan, Russia
2016 26–28 November Kazakhstan Astana, Kazakhstan

Belt Wrestling World Cup

Edition Year Dates City and host country Venue Events Countries Athletes Team champion
2007 13–14 October Russia Karachayevsk, Karachay-Cherkessia, Russia
2010 3–6 December Russia Oktyabrsky, Bashkortostan, Russia Oktyabrsky Sports Palace
2011 17–20 November Russia Oktyabrsky, Bashkortostan, Russia Oktyabrsky Sports Palace
2012 8–10 November Russia Ufa, Bashkortostan, Russia Dynamo Stadium 22 120
2014 5–7 December Russia Orenburg, Russia Gazovik Sports Palace 26 300+
2015 24–28 September Russia Alushta, Crimea, Russia
2016 10–11 December Belarus Minsk, Belarus
2017[f] 26–28 May Russia Orenburg, Russia 12 8 140  Tajikistan

Regional Championships

African Championships

Edition Year Dates City and host country Venue Styles Events Countries Athletes Team champion
2017 18–19 May South Africa Cape Town, South Africa AL, KK, BW

Asian

Edition Year Dates City and host country Venue Styles Events Countries Athletes Team champion
I 2011 Iran Mashhad, Iran KK
2015 6–7 August Iran Tehran, Iran AL
2016 25–26 June

European

Pan-American

Edition Year Dates City and host country Venue Styles Events Countries Athletes Team champion
2015 12–15 November Argentina Buenos Aires, Argentina BW

See also

References

  1. ^ Jeremy Black; Anthony Green (1992). Gods, Demons and Symbols of Ancient Mesopotamia: An Illustrated Dictionary. University of Texas Press. pp. 187–. ISBN 978-0-292-70794-8. Retrieved 26 September 2012.
  2. ^ Nigel B. Crowther (2007). Sport in Ancient Times. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 15–. ISBN 978-0-275-98739-8. Retrieved 26 September 2012.
  3. ^ Faraj Baṣmahʹjī (1975). Treasures of the Iraq Museum. Al-Jumhuriya Press. Retrieved 26 September 2012.
  4. ^ David Gilman Romano (1993). Athletics and Mathematics in Archaic Corinth: The Origins of the Greek Stadion. American Philosophical Society. pp. 10–. ISBN 978-0-87169-206-1. Retrieved 26 September 2012.
  5. ^ Чемпионат мира по борьбе на поясах 2008, Ломе, Того 18-22.11. :: Sporta-Klubi.lv (in Russian)
Notes
  1. ^ 2009 Alysh Belt Wrestling event was a part of the 4th FILA World Wrestling Games.
  2. ^ 2009 Goresh Belt Wrestling Championships were a part of the 4th FILA World Wrestling Games.
  3. ^ 2016 BWUWW Championships were a part of the 2nd World Nomad Games.
  4. ^ 2018 BWUWW Championships were a part of the 3rd World Nomad Games.
  5. ^ 2020 BWUWW Championships would be a part of the 4th World Nomad Games.
  6. ^ 2017 Belt Wrestling World Cup was part of the International Festival of National Wrestling styles.

External links

2008 results 2009 results 2016 results

  • Amateur Belt Wrestling Federation India holds meeting
Google Translate »